This puts quite a different spin on Iran for me. That Iran is a go-to place for gender reassignment surprised me enough that i wanted to check for myself
Iran has between 15,000 and 20,000 transsexuals, according to official statistics, although unofficial estimates put the figure at up to 150,000. Iran carries out more gender change operations than any country in the world besides Thailand.
Sex changes have been legal since the late Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, spiritual leader of the 1979 Islamic revolution, passed a fatwa authorising them nearly 25 years ago. Whereas homosexuality is considered a sin, transsexuality is categorised as an illness subject to cure.
While the government seeks to keep its approval quiet, state support has increased since Mr Ahmadinejad took office in 2005. His government has begun providing grants of £2,250 for operations and further funding for hormone therapy. It is also proposing loans of up to £2,750 to allow those undergoing surgery to start their own businesses.
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Iran is the most popular overseas destination for patients seeking sex-reassignment surgery. Iran is the only Muslim country in the Persian Gulf region that gives trans citizens the right to have their gender identity recognized by the law and The founder of the Islamic Republic, Ayatollah Khomeini, passed a fatwa [a ruling on a point of Islamic law given by a recognized authority] in 1986 declaring Sex/gender Reassignment Surgery in Iran and hormone-replacement therapy religiously acceptable as medical procedures.
Attitudes towards sexuality can be rigid in Iran. A conservative former president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, once declared that the country didn't have any gay people. So it seems an unlikely hub for sex-reassignment surgery. But the procedure has been permitted since the mid-1980s, when Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini met a trans woman called Maryam Khatoon Molkara, who had been thrown into a psychiatric institution and forcibly injected with male hormones. Moved by her story, he issued a fatwa allowing the procedure, which a cleric later compared to changing wheat into bread. Today the government even helps with the cost.
But the regime's encouragement of sex-change surgery is related to its intolerance of homosexuality, which is a capital offence. Gay Iranians face pressure to change their sex regardless of whether they want to, say activists and psychologists in Iran. Therapists tell patients with same-sex desires that they may be transgender, not gay.
Male-to-female sex reassignment surgery is performed on men who want to change their gender and turn the penis into a female penis.
There are three types of male-to-female gender reassignment surgery that help patients have a female penis:
Stages of gender reassignment surgery in Iran
- Male-to-female gender reassignment surgery procedures
- Facial cosmetic surgeries
- Hormone Therapy
- Laser hair removal
- Breast prosthesis
- Gynecological penile surgery
- Vaginoplasty surgery
- Vaginoplasty and orgasm
- How long is a person hospitalized?